APF Canopy Formation Competition Rules
For rules specific to each discipline, go to
the competion rules page. For more detailed rules, go to the Regulations
Section of this website. Otherwise, just peruse them below.
Following are rules from the Sporting Code
Section of the APF Operational Regulations. These will be updated with the IPC rule changes
AUSTRALIAN PARACHUTE FEDERATION SPORTING CODE
(Sections 13 through 18 of the APF Operational
3rd September 2004
SECTION 14 - NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS RULES
RULES SPECIFIC TO THE COMPETITION
14.4 NATIONAL CANOPY FORMATION CHAMPIONSHIPS
14.4.2 Aims of the Championships
(a) To determine the Australian Champions of Canopy
(b) To determine the Australian standings of the competing
(c) To establish Australian Canopy Formation records.
(d) To promote and develop Canopy Formation parachuting as a
(e) To exchange ideas and strengthen friendly relations
between the skydivers, Judges and others.
(f) To allow participants to share and exchange experience,
knowledge and information.
(g) To improve judging methods and practices.
14.4.3 Definitions of words and phrases used in these Rules
Formation: consists of 3 or more jumpers and canopies linked
by grips, correct or not.
Grip: Consists of a hold on the "A" lines, or
front risers so that a formation is built in accordance with the
(i) STACK: the shoulder of the upper jumper must be
above the upper surface of the lower canopy. The grip must be on a line
attached to the centre cell.
(ii) STAIRSTEP: the shoulder of the upper jumper must
be above the upper surface of the lower canopy. The grip must be on the
outside "A" line of the end cell. The grip must be taken with
the inside leg or foot and the torso must be on the outside of the
canopy: this may include an additional hand grip, if desired.
(iii) PLANE: the head of the upper jumper must be below
the lower surface of the lower canopy. The grip must be on the front
risers or a line attached to the centre cell.
(iv) PLANE/STACK: Plane, stack or any position on a
centre line between these configurations. A correct grip must be
maintained. The above configurations only apply for complete formations.
Intermediate: Stage between two formations. An intermediate formation
must be flown and remain intact with the correct grips.
Sequence: A series of formations and intermediates. Working
time: The time allowed for a team to perform the jump.
Dive Pool: Consists of random (single formation) and block
sequence (two formations and an intermediate) as illustrated in the dive
14.4.4 The Events
The discipline has the following events:
Teams are composed as follows:
A 4-way team in each event consisting of 6 members, any of
who may be the team videographer.
An 8-way team consisting of 10 members, any of who may be
the team videographer.
14.4.6 Performance requirement:
220.127.116.11 4-way sequential event: Each round consists of a
repeatable sequence drawn from the dive pools.
18.104.22.168 4-way rotation event: Each round consists of
successive 4-way plane/stack formations made by rotations. Rotations must be
made by the top competitor in the complete formation dropping grips, flying
to the bottom of the formation and again completing a 4-way plane/stack
formation. The intermediate formation is the remaining correctly completed
3-way plane/stack formation.
22.214.171.124 8-way speed formation event: Each round consists of
a single formation drawn from the dive pool. The formation must be held for
at least five seconds. The holding time may run over the working time.
14.4.9 Break off
All form of canopy formation jumping must cease by 750 metres (~
2500 feet). The Nationals Controller has the authority to disqualify a team that
breaks this rule, for that round or the whole event.
14.4.10 Miscellaneous Equipment
Competitors must carry the following equipment:
(a) Every team member must carry a hook-knife for emergency
14.4.14 Exit Procedure
(a) There is no limitation on the exit other than those
imposed by the Chief Pilot for safety reasons. The pilot must maintain the
altitude and direction until the aircraft is well clear of the
(b) Teams will be responsible for their own exits once the
aircraft has commenced jump run.
(c) The exit of the first team member must be clearly shown
on the team's video recording.
(d) The pilot chute must not be withdrawn from the equipment
until the competitor is clear of the aircraft.
(a) All formations and intermediate requirements must be
completed and recorded in such a manner that the Judges may determine that
the required performance has been achieved. Provision of video evidence for
judging purposes is the responsibility of the team.
RULES SPECIFIC TO THE EVENTS
14.4.17 4-Way Sequential Event
(a) Exit altitude is 2,500 metres (~8,200 feet) AGL with a
working time of 150 seconds.
(b) The draw of the sequences: Each block sequence or random
will be drawn only once for each competition. All rounds shall consist of
four or five scoring formations, whichever number is reached first.
Scoring: Teams will be awarded one point for the first
formation and each subsequent formation or formations preceded by an
intermediate correctly completed within the working time. Teams will not be
awarded points for incorrect formations. There will be no penalty.
Omissions: Omission of a formation will stop the scoring at that formation.
The next formation to score is the second correctly completed formation
following the last omission. Scoring may also continue if the team goes back
to correctly complete the omitted formation, incorrect formation or
formation prior to the incorrect intermediate requirement. An attempt to
complete a formation, although incorrect or incomplete, demonstrated by at
least 3 canopies connected with grips, and in the formation required by the
drawn sequence, will be judged as an incorrect formation, not as an
(d) Each formation and intermediate requirement must be
performed in accordance with the illustrations in the drawn sequence. Where
there is no intermediate requirement between formations, there must be
complete separation of all canopies. Mirror images are acceptable for a
complete blocks and random formations. Formations need not be symmetrical.
At the end of a sequence there must be complete separation before restarting
the sequence as drawn.
14.4.18 4-Way Rotation Event
(a) Exit altitude is 2,150 metres (~7,000 feet) with a
working time of 90 seconds.
(b) The Working Time and Scoring begins with the first 4-way
plane/stack formation whether correct or not, or 30 seconds after the exit
of the first team member, excluding the team's videographer, whichever is
first. One point is scored for every correctly completed 4-way plane/stack
formation within the working time, according to the performance requirement.
14.4.19 8-Way Speed Event
(a) Exit altitude shall be 1,850 metres (~6,000 feet) AGL
with a working time of 120 seconds.
(b) Each round consists of a single formation as shown in
the dive pool. A draw will be made for the first four rounds. The formations
will be replaced to enable the draw for the remaining rounds.
(c) Scoring; The score for the jump shall be the time in
seconds and hundredths of seconds to complete a correct 8-Way formation,
provided the formation is held for five seconds. If the formation separates
within working time, the team may rebuild the formation. The holding time
may run over the working time. The maximum score for any round shall be 120
14.4.20 Air to Air Video Recording
(a) Each team shall provide the video evidence required to
judge each round. Only one of the team's members may jump on each jump as a
(b) Video equipment shall consist of the complete video
system or systems used to record the video evidence of the team's
performance, including camera(s), video tape(s), tape recorder(s) and
(c) A Video Controller will be appointed by the Chief Judge
prior to the start of the Judges' Conference. The Video Controller may
inspect a team's video equipment to verify that it meets the competition
requirements. Inspections may be made at any time during the competition
which does not interfere with a team's performance, as determined by the
Event Judge. If any video equipment does not meet the requirements
determined by the Video Controller, this equipment will be deemed to be
unuseable for the competition.
(d) The videographer must deliver the video equipment to the
Chief Judge or their designee as soon as possible after each jump is
completed. Only one video tape will be dubbed and judged. Secondary video
evidence may only be used where there is insufficient video evidence due to
meteorological or technical reasons.
14.4.21 Judging Rules
126.96.36.199 Observing the Performance
(i) Each performance must be evaluated by a panel of three
Judges. At a National Championship, the judging panel should have a majority
of Judges who are Nationals-endorsed for Canopy Formation.
(ii) The Judges will watch each performance once at normal
speed. At the request of any working Judge, a second viewing at normal speed
may be made. A third viewing at normal speed may only occur where authorised
by the Event Judge.
(iii) The Judges may use an electronic scoring system to
record their evaluation of the performance if available.
(iv) The Judges may correct their evaluation record after
the jump has been judged. At the end of working time, freeze frame of the
image must be applied.
(v) The Judges shall start the timing when the first team
member (excluding the team's videographer) leaves the aircraft.
(vi) If the Judges use score sheets to record their
evaluation, they will operate their own chronometer and use the signs below
to record their assessment. The score sheets of all Judges must be collected
immediately after the Judges have scored the jump for checking by the Event
Judge and Chief Judge. Freeze frame of the video image need not be used.
Correct scoring formation
Formations, inters or total separations not visually
Insufficient video evidence NV
End of working time //
(vii) The determination of time awarded in the 8-way event:
If 3 scores fall within a 3 seconds spread, the score for that jump is the
average of these. If only 2 scores fall within a 3 seconds spread, the score
for that jump is the average of the two with the third score discarded. If
no scores fall within a 3 second spread, then the Event Judge shall consult
with the judging panel to determine whether there is an actual time of
completion for the formation. In this case, additional viewings may be used.
14.4.22 Program of events
(a) The Australian Canopy Formation Championships comprises
the following events:
4-Way Sequential Event 8 rounds;
4-Way Rotation Event. 8 rounds;
8-Way Speed Event 8 rounds;
(b) The 7th round of each event shall be the Semi-Final
Round in which teams holding the first ten placings shall participate.
(c) The 8th round of each event shall be the the Final Round
in which teams holding the first six placings shall participate.
(d) A minimum of 1 round must be completed to establish
Australian Champions in any event.
14.4.23 Determination of Australian Champions
The Australian Champions are the teams
a) Where only one round is completed, have the best score
for that one round, or.
b) Where more than one round is completed, have the best
score after discarding their worst performance in the completed rounds
calculated as follows:
Have the highest number of formations in the
remaining completed rounds.
If two or more teams have an equal number of
formations, the first three places will be decided by the highest
number of points in any completed round for each team.
If there is still a tie, the the team with the
fastest time in those rounds with the highest points wins the tied
8-WAY SPEED FORMATION:
Has the most 8-ways in the remaining completed
If two or more teams have an equal number of 8-ways,
the winner is that team with the lowest total time for these rounds.
If there is still a tie the first three places will
be decided by the fastest times for any completed round.
14.4.24 Dive pool
Formation diagrams. Definitions used in the formation diagrams
are as follows:
Block sequence numbers 1 2 3 4
Random formation letters A B C D
Intermediate requirement INTER